March 27, 1996

Hanne Darboven at Dia Center for the Arts, New York

Hanne Darboven: Kulturgeschichte 1880-1983
Dia Center for the Arts, New York

Hanne Darboven's monumental work entitled Kulturgeschichte 1880-1983 (Cultural History 1880-1983), 1980-1983, will open to the public at Dia Center for the Arts, 548 West 22nd Street, New York, on March 28, 1996.

Kulturgeschichte 1880-1983 consists of 1,590 wall-mounted panels of uniform size and format and nineteen objects. It traces one hundred years of history via a miscellany of images and texts that range from postcards to art reproductions, portraits of film stars, and the covers of weekly magazines. Many bear handwritten notes and quotations.

Over the past thirty years, this German artist has created a vast body of work based on time as registered by history and by memory alike. Beginning with the date, whose numbers she manipulates into a temporal and chronological system, Darboven has in Kulturgeschichte 1880-1983 constructed an encompassing, encyclopedic archive that fuses public history and collective memory with personal experience.

Hanne Darboven was born in 1941 in Munich, Germany. In 1965 she graduated from the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst in Hamburg, where she had studied painting. Between 1966 and 1968, Darboven lived in New York City where she created her first mature works, which placed her at the center of Conceptual art practice. Since 1967 she has participated in numerous national and international exhibitions, including Reconsidering the Object of Art: 1965-1975, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 1995-96. In New York City she has shown with Leo Castelli Gallery since 1973. She lives and works in Hamburg, Germany.

Dia Center for the Arts

March 24, 1996

Howard Hodgkin: Paintings 1975-1995 at Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth

Howard Hodgkin: Paintings 1975-1995 
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth 
March 31 - July 14, 1996 

The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth will exhibit Howard Hodgkin: Paintings 1975-1995 at the Modern's main location in Fort Worth's Cultural District. This special exhibition, which premiered at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York last November where it was seen by over 144,000 visitors, surveys the achievement over the past 20 years of one of the most important British artists of the postwar era. Consisting of 46 oil paintings borrowed from private and public collections in the United States, Europe and Mexico, this exhibition constitutes the first major museum exhibition of Howard Hodgkin's work in the United States in ten years. The exhibition begins with works from 1975, the year Howard Hodgkin achieved a mature and independent style, and concludes with works recently completed in 1995, including four paintings that have never before been exhibited.

Howard Hodgkin: Paintings 1975-1995 was organized over the course of four years by the Modern Art Museum's Director, Marla Price, in collaboration with the Modern's Chief Curator, Michael Auping. This exhibition focuses on the period of Howard Hodgkin's greatest achievement and places particular emphasis on his paintings from 1985 to 1995.

Howard Hodgkin was born in London, England in 1932. He studied at the Camberwell School of Art, London and the Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, between 1949 and 1954. Even though Hodgkin's early work is associated with the British pop art movement and the School of London, he has always been a strongly independent artist. Howard Hodgkin has stated, "I am a representational painter, but not a painter of appearances. I paint representational appearances of emotional situations." Hodgkin's paintings depict memories of places and encounters; trips to Italy, India or Morocco, interiors of hotels and restaurants, visits with friends and love affairs. The feelings Hodgkin experiences are captured in intense colors; remembered people and objects are transformed into expressive splotches, swirls and blobs of paint, the elements that constitute his own visual vocabulary.

Although Howard Hodgkin's paintings appear spontaneous they are often worked on over extended periods of time. A painting begins when the artist first recalls a particular moment and ends when the subject comes back. Hodgkin describes the artistic process: "I start out with the subject and naturally I have to remember first of all what it looked like, but it would also perhaps contain a great deal of feeling and sentiment. All of that has got to be somehow transmuted, transformed or made into a physical object and when that happens, when that's finally been done, when the last physical marks have been put on and the subject comes back——then the picture's finished and there is no question of doing anything more to it."

The final venue of this exhibition is the Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen in Düsseldorf, Germany (August 17 - October 13, 1996).

A major book documents the exhibition and provides a broad overview of Howard Hodgkin's achievement. Essays by Michael Auping, John Elderfield and noted author Susan Sontag examine various aspects of Hodgkin's work and his importance in postwar twentieth-century art. A catalogue raisonné of all of Hodgkin's oil paintings complements the essays, providing the first scholarly history of his work, beginning with his first paintings in 1948-1949. The catalogue contains eighty color illustrations, an extensive bibliography and an exhibition checklist.


Updated 23.06.2019

March 13, 1996

Pentax ZX-5 35mm SLR Camera

Pentax ZX-5 SLR Camera

Designed for ease-of-use, the Pentax ZX-5 SLR camera's simplified features let photographers concentrate on getting great pictures the first time they pick up the camera. Yet it has everything beginning and advanced photographers desire: multi-mode exposure, fast accurate autofocus, a built-in auto flash and a wide range of lenses and accessories. All beautifully packaged in a light-weight compact silver and black body reminiscent of those classic cameras of years gone by. So if you want a new breed of SLR camera, one that's picture perfect inside and out, there's only one choice--the ZX-5 from Pentax.

Research shows that millions of Pentax customers still own and use the sturdy and classic SLR cameras that enjoyed great popularity in the '50s and '60s. The new ZX-5 incorporates those most useful features and simple design in a handsome compact body. Like the famous cameras of years ago, the Pentax ZX-5 is designed with the most essential features. Therefore, mechanical SLR lovers as well as people new to photography can pick up the ZX-5 and begin to shoot with it immediately. Yet it eclipses those cameras with its advanced metering and autofocus systems.

The metering system of the ZX-5 features Pentax's well known six segment multi-pattern metering. This assures optimal results even under difficult lighting conditions. The spot metering allows the photographer to pin-point the metering at a single small area of the frame. Center-weighted metering is also provided for those photographers who prefer conventional metering systems.

It's easy to capture perfectly exposed photographs while shooting with the Pentax ZX-5. This is due to the fact that four exposure modes are available; programmed AE, aperture priority AE, shutter priority AE, and metered manual. The three auto-exposure modes are designed to simplify operation while the metered manual mode lets the shooter make all the choices to create the shot he is seeking. Together these choices provide the photographer with the opportunity to create a variety of visual effects.

The two control dials on the camera's top silver panel enable speedy and accurate setting of the metering mode and shutter speed. The obvious advantage of this design is the easy access it provides at the turn of a dial. To complement the dial control system, the Pentax ZX-5 is equipped with a multi-data viewfinder display and an easy to read LCD panel. The viewfinder display even comes with an illuminator whose illumination level is automatically adjusted according to the brightness of the subject.

The Pentax ZX-5 incorporates a high precision, high speed phase matching autofocus system which is extremely reliable even under poor lighting conditions. The predictive autofocus function, found in Pentax's professional SLRs, automatically activates when the camera detects the subject's motion. Then it is able to "predict" the subject's position at the exact moment of the shutter release and adjust the focus accordingly. It is even possible to take a few more pictures after the subject moves out of the autofocus frame. The ZX-5's autofocus system is enhanced by

SAFOX IV (Sensor Ability Fortifying Optical Compensation System). The system is new to the PENTAX SLR line and has a three-point autofocus module with wide-focus capability. This is due to a H-shaped layout of the three AF sensors that delivers pin-point focusing on a greater variety of subjects. The sensors are also sensitive to subjects with vertical or horizontal lines.

The Pentax ZX-5 incorporates a built-in "smart flash" which covers up to a 28mm angle of view. It also gives a warning when the camera detects low light and backlit situations. When the camera is set in programmed AE mode and the flash is in the pop-up position, the smart flash automatically provides supplementary illumination to the subject for perfect exposure.

The advanced TTL flash control system makes previously complicated flash techniques such as daylight sync and slow shutter sync simple and effortless. It is also equipped with a pre-flash function to reduce the "red-eye" effect in subjects eyes.

Many cameras today are responding to photographers' increasing interest in using a panorama mode. The Pentax ZX-5 offers this mode which is available at a simple twist of a lever. The viewfinder also has a long comfortable eye-point and diopter adjustment.

Pentax offers a full range of interchangeable lenses to satisfy very diverse needs--ranging from ultra-wide angle to super telephoto and even special effects such as fisheye, macro and soft focus. All lenses are treated with the acclaimed super multi-coating (SMC) for sharp, high contrast images with minimal aberrations. Many existing Pentax accessories can be used with a Pentax ZX-5 including the AF-500 FTZ and AF-330 FTZ dedicated flash units. The line-up is further expanded with the addition of new accessories which are exclusively designed for the ZX-5 including a AA battery pack for extended shooting sessions, a data back and extension cord hot-shoe adapter and off-camera adapter. 

Update: August 1996 - EISA Award

The Pentax ZX-5 has been selected as the "European Camera of the Year 1996-1997" by the European Imaging and Sound Association (EISA). The official presentation of the award will be held on September 18 at Photokina in Cologne, Germany. Having already won TIPA's "The Best SLR camera of the Year '96-'97," earlier in the year, the ZX-5 has won the two most prestigious awards presented to SLR cameras in Europe. 

In selecting the ZX-5, the jury commented that, "With the ZX-5, PENTAX has developed a new breed of autofocus SLR. Its inspired design utilizes the best details of a compact camera within an ultra-light body. The camera's logical and traditional control layout makes it a joy to use; its overall performance exceeds the needs of most photo hobbyists at a very reasonable price."

Pentax (US) / Asahi Optical Company, Ltd., Japan